Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes usually develops slowly in adulthood. With Type 2 Diabetes, the body does produce some insulin just not enough to meet all of the body’s requirements.
Type 2 Diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. It is also the most difficult to detect in the early stages and for some, diagnosis is made several years after they have developed the condition. Some patients may have developed complications prior to diagnosis.
Type 2 Diabetes typically occurs in adults over 40 years of age (though it can occur at a younger age) and is common in older age. Type 2 Diabetes was formally known as ‘adult-onset’ or ‘mature-onset’ diabetes.
Healthy eating and regular exercise is the first line of treatment that your diabetes team will advise.
For some people, the risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes is higher than others. The most common risk factors include:
- Family history of diabetes
- Being overweight (80% of people with Type 2 Diabetes are overweight)
- Older age
- Lack of regular exercise
- Having had diabetes during pregnancy
A healthy lifestyle and weight loss may not be enough for all people with Type 2 Diabetes to manage their condition and in these people tablets and other medication may be prescribed. At some stage, insulin treatment may be considered.